Street Use

Soviet Improvised Household Articles


This stunning gallery of improvised household objects from the Soviet Union. Many are utilitarian, but many others are decorative, toys, or personal artistic expressions.

These were all collected by a young Russian, Vladimir Archipov. His found objects were produced in the last twenty years and were made in Russia at a time when manufactured items were very hard to get, yet the aspirations for them were growing. The collection began when Archipov found a coat-rack made by his grandfather out of heated and bent toothbrushes. He then saw for the first time the true nature of handmade objects and their lovely beauty. He started collecting stuff from his relatives and friends and then friends of friends. He writes: “There are over a thousand items in my collection today, and they all have three characteristics in common; functionality, a visual uniqueness and the testimony of the author, who is both the creator and the user. They represent an astonishing part of modern folk material culture, but unfortunately, are under the constant threat of ruin, because I do not have the means at my disposal for their proper storage. I have never once, in the eleven years I’ve been collecting them, received any help, support, or even interest from the state.”

Homemade Sm

The website is entirely in Russian, with broken links and a strange navigation scheme, and very little text. However there is an absolutely fabulous book based on Archipov’s collection called Home-Made: Contemporary Russian Folk Artifacts. It is a gorgeous book, a catalog of sorts, with several hundred marvealous objects showcased. Paired with each artifact is the story of how it was made as told by the maker. It is these stories that give a soul to each thing. I highly recommend the book for all street-users. Thanks to reader Michael Krakovskiy for bringing this incredible resource to my attention.

Homemadeaerialrussia
We prepared this aerial according to the dimensions published in Radio magazine. But, you know, resonators are everything. THey were made form forks so that the reception would be better. In my opinion it all worked out very well. The effect was noticeable from the very start. Everyone particularly wanted to watch the programmes from Petersburg. My mother had the forks in her cupboard. She bought them when everything was collapsing around us. There wasn’t anything else but forks to buy in the shops then. They weren’t even very good forks, in the practical sense. But they went well with that aerial.

Waterheater
Water boiler. Made from Razor blades, matches, cable, plug – Oleg Baichurin, Saransk, 1989 I used this when I was studying. I lived in halls of residence with a lot of people. Because of this we had to boil water for tea very quickly, but we had an electric cooker which boiled water very slowly. So we kind of thought up this home-made water boiler. We found a cable with a plug from a kettle, or took it from a small heater and then took two completely ordinary razor blades. We joined them together with matches so that there was a gap between the razor blades. We fastened them together with matches and joined the two ends of the wires. And so you lower this thing, this water boiler, into the water, into a three litre jar and plug it in and the water boils very quickly. A three litre jar boils in about two to three minutes. It’s like the simplest way to boil water. How did we come up with it? Well, in physics there’s a law relating to the properties of conductors. Water is a conductor and using a current between plastic is a common method of boiling water. Standard kettles that you can buy in shops are based on this, and everyone uses them because they are convenient. But in 1987 or 1988 it was difficult to buy a kettle, so for us, that water boiler was a real luxury. There were lots of people, all wanting tea. It was quite a powerful conductor and the cable didn’t heat up. The first time we left just a small gap, but the water started to bubble, the wires started to buzz and the cable started to burn so we then decided to leave a two or three centimetre gap.

Wirebrush
Metal brush. Made from wire – Vasilii Arkhipov, Kolomna, 1992
I had to clean the back of a vehicle which was starting to rust. I had to clean it with a metal brush, but you can’t get everywhere with the type of brush I had. It wasn’t convenient,it really wasn’t and l had to get in everywhere. So I had to make a kind of shaving brush. I took a brush from the guys at the foundry which was going to waste. I got some binding so I could tie-up the bristles like a shaving brush. It turned out to be an excellent metal brush.It’s narrow and it’s very convenient to use it to get in there where the rust has appeared… and in other places where a big brush can’t fit and you need a small metal brush. With this brush you can get in there, once, twice, give it a good scrub and that’s your lot. Finally I used some ‘anti-corrosion’ and then I was able to paint it.

Tv Aerial
Television aerial Aleksandr Tarasov, Ramenskoye, Moscow region, 1980. Made from table lamp base, textolite, a conductor, screws.
This is a television aerial, for the 33rd channel, which in the period between 1978 and 1980 was transmitted in Leningrad. There weren’t any antennas for sale and the magazine Radio published some different plans for making them. Basically this antenna was made using a sketch from this magazine. Instead of cutting it out of a sheet of metal I took a piece of fibreglass laminate, which is plastic with foil on one side. And the tracks were cut out from foil according to the sizes published in Radio. As for the base, I used a base from a table lamp – it was necessary to fix it on with something. There’s nothing miraculous about this construction, I was more amazed that Arkhipov saw something in it. I consider it to be a very simple thing, made for a purpose between other jobs. The signal from the antenna is received through this cable and then sent to the TV. The cable has to correspond with the elements of the antenna in order to effectively transmit the signal coming from the antenna. Apart from that, this cable has to go around the antenna in a certain way so that the wave resistance in the current of the cable connecting the antenna matches the ‘line’. Well, here you need to use your wits. How can you lay this cable around the antenna? Around the edges some openings were drilled and thread was put into them and then with the method they use in radio electronic equipment it was tied on. They bind sausages up like that. And because of this it reminds some people of plaits, or a sausage.

Petrol Can
Petrol can. Made from steel, wood – Vyacheslav Suranav, Kolomna, Moscow region, c.1970
As recounted by Vyacheslav’s brother Sergei: There weren’t any petrol cans back then, but we still had to drive around the place. The same goes for petrol stations, not like now – one on every corner. You had to have a can for petrol and there weren’t any, so we made them for ourselves. My brother made his own too, he had a few. Fill up two or three and you could drive anywhere. They took fifteen or twenty litres. There were all kinds and one turned out shaped like a briefcase. He used to drive the boss – maybe that’s why it turned out like this.

Bucket-1
Bucket. Made from rubber inner tube – Nikolai Serov, Tver, 1998
It’s a really handy item and really easy to make. You take an old inner tube from any wheel and cut off the part with the hole In it. Then you cut out handles and you have your bucket! It’s light, doesn’t take up any space, throw it in the boot and away you go! The only thing that’s awkward about it is you can’t stand it on the ground, but it’s OK for scooping up water and washing the car, and all sorts of other things. All the cars round here have them. Why buy it when you can make it yourself.

Shuttlecock
Badminton Shuttlecock. Made from Plastic bottle, cloth, elastic band– Gennadii Konychev, Ryazan region, 2000
I took a plastic bottle and cut out something looking more or less like a shuttlecock. These stabilisers are supposed to be the feathers. And to soften the impact I covered the end with soft pieces of material and an elastic band.

Posted on September 28, 2006 at 2:15 am | comments



Comments
  • Stefan Bethke

    Very interesting contraptions! It might be worthwile though to point out that common water kettles or immersion heaters use a heating filament inside a sealed pipe to transfer heat to the water.

    Running a current through the water to be heated directly as this heater is doing is rather dangerous: touching the water or the container it’s in will give you an electric shock. Also, some amount of electrolysis will be going on, and you might be producing clorine gas, as well as hydrogen.

  • j s

    I’d like to see the plans for that fiberglass television aerial. That ought to work quite well as a standard UHF antenna.

  • angel

    i hope you post some improvised technology like projector using cartoon, glass, and mirror of course bulb!!! coz i,m badly neede some I.T