I use a small camera (Cisco Flip) to take video. It’s great for what I do, except small amounts of wind cause a lot of noise.

That’s where Micromuff helps. You have a small Velcro patch that glues to your camera, and a wind muff that attaches to the Velcro. I’ve been using MicroMuff Original for about six months, and it’s brilliant. I can hear people talking, not wind blowing.

I don’t think there’s anything similar, unless you’re going for professional external microphones and “proper” wind muffs. But even then this is handy because it makes syncing audio easier.

-- Dan Beale-Cocks  


Logitech B530 USB Headset

I purchased this on a whim a few months ago to use at my office. To say that it was a great investment would be an understatement. Comfortable and flexible, the headset does its job well by providing an incredible sound quality that is unmatched to any other headset I’ve used. The mic is also surprisingly efficient, capturing the smallest or thinnest sounds and making them audible (often to the detriment or embarrassment of the user). I would highly recommend them.

-- Jacob  

B530 USB Headset

Available from Amazon

Kindle Paperwhite

I’ve been reading books on mobile devices since 1997 when my first daughter was born and I learned that I could hold a Palm Pilot and her at the same time. It was good to have an illuminated screen so she could sleep in my arms in the dark while I tapped my way through a novel.

Since then I’ve owned lots of different e-readers: Sony Librie (2004), Kindle (2007), iPhone (2007), iPad (2010), Kindle Fire (2011), and Nexus 7 (2012). They all have their own pros and cons, but none of them comes as close to perfection as the Kindle Paperwhite, which I bought in 2013.

A Paperwhite is better than a tablet because there’s no screen glare — an iPhone, iPad, Nexus 7, or Kindle Fire is useless outdoors on a sunny day. The Paperwhite is better than my original Kindle because the display is illuminated, so I can read it in bed with the lights out while my wife sleeps. The Paperwhite also has much better battery life than any of my other e-readers, even the original Kindle, which requires recharging every couple of days. The size and weight of the Paperwhite allow for comfortable one-handed reading. (The iPad requires propping on a pillow for reading in bed.)

I prefer reading on my Kindle over print books because I can look up definitions, translate foreign phrases into English, order new books for instant delivery, and read Wikipedia entries without leaving the page I’m on. The “X-Ray” feature tells me about the fictional characters in a book, which frequently comes in handy when I forget who someone is. The Kindle also predicts how much longer it will take for me to finish reading a book or chapter.

I’m sure a better e-reader will come along one day, but even if it didn’t I’d be happy with the Paperwhite for the rest of my reading days.

Kindle on left, Kindle Paperwhite with screen illumination on right.

-- Mark Frauenfelder  

Kindle Paperwhite

Available from Amazon

Self Publishing Cool Tools

The new Cool Tools book is self-published. (As a reminder, this “Catalog of Possibilities” contains the very best of this blog over the past 10 years, distilled into a fun-to-read, oversized paper book — perfect for the young at heart.) I like to say it is self-published for all the right reasons — not because I could not find a real publisher to back it, but for three other important benefits. I’ll describe those below and I’ll also tell you how the economics of self-publishing work for this book. Finally, I’ll include a few of the cool tools used to create this huge book with only two of us on staff.

The first benefit of self-publishing was speed. I finished writing and assembling the book in September and by October I had the book listed on Pre-Order status on Amazon. It will be available to customers (in bookstores, too!) the first week of December. If this book was being published by a New York publisher I’d still be in negotiations to maybe have it available next summer.

Second, control. The book is unorthodox. It doesn’t fit the mold for a serious book. It’s kind of a catalog. Even the size was off-putting for pros. A big floppy book doesn’t travel well, doesn’t fit well into bookstore shelves. The publishers want to know can I perhaps change that? Then there’s the commercial aspect.  The book is a shopping guide that tells you where to buy things. It points readers to Amazon, a lot. Publishers and bookstores hate that. They perceive Amazon as the enemy and one chain even refused to carry it because of this. My solution was to bypass them.

Thirdly, in my recent experience with established publishers I wound up doing most of the work myself anyway. For my last book with Viking/Penguin, I hired the editor to edit my book; I hired the illustrator to make the illustrations; I turned in cover design concepts, some of which they used; I did the most effective marketing and publicity (via social media). The only things I did not do — which were significant! — was the financing and distribution. On this book, I decided to tackle these as well, since I would still be doing all the rest.

Self-publishing means I have full control, but also full responsibility.  Since I was paying for the paper and ink myself, I didn’t waste any pages. There are no blank pages or white spaces in this book. Even the inside covers are printed –with the table of contents!  Every inch is doing some work. The book is incredibly dense.

Self-publishing an ebook is one thing. Self-publishing a gigantic book that weighs 4.5 pounds is another. I knew I was in trouble when the overseas printer called to ask me if I had a loading dock at my warehouse. Warehouse? I hardly have a garage.  “Ummm, how much room do I need?” I asked. She said, “Well, you should expect a shipping container and a half.” That’s a big pile. So I signed up with a book distributor, Publishers Group West, that caters to small publishers and most of the books will be shipped to their warehouse in Tennessee.

The books were printed in Hong Kong. I tried to get bids in the US, but because of the oversize of the book, no US printer would even bid on it. One large printer recommended by the distributor told me, “I hate to say this but you need to go to China to get this printed.” So I did. They did a fantastic job, quickly and at a good price. The Hong Kong printing plant is high automation. Think robots not coolie labor. The books are now on a container ship going across the Panama Canal and up the Mississippi River to Tennessee. I am awaiting three pallets of books that were diverted to the West Coast, and that will arrive at my home. I am praying they will fit into my garage.

The economics of self-publishing will decide this book’s long-term fate. I can outline the rough costs of the book, but in fact I haven’t even got the final bills so a more accurate accounting will have to wait till later. Here’s what I know so far:

There will be about a total of 8,500 copies for sale on Amazon and in bookstores. The unit cost to print the book is $6. Shipping is about $1 per book. The cover price is $39.99. Amazon immediately discounts it to $25-27 (I set the book price anticipating Amazon’s discount, which seems to vary by the day). Amazon takes something like 40%. The book distributor takes their cut. In the end I’ll take in about $10 per book, before expenses. To figure my net gain I have to deduct the cost I incurred in creating the book — the editors, designers and proofers I hired to create the 472 pages. (I am not counting the years I’ve put into it). I am still making the tally of those costs. My grand goal is to break even.

But I used some cool tools to keep the costs low. Much of the work was outsourced to the freelancers of the world on Elance. About a million freelancers enrolled in Elance around the world will bid on a job. I had several jobs I outsourced to Elance (although many, if not most, of the freelancers work in the US). The layout design of the 472 pages was specified with the request to bid the job on a per-page cost. Out of the 30 or so Elance designers who bid, we picked 8 to do test pages, and then selected 6 to get the work. Their bids were not the lowest. They were in the middle range, but had good ratings from previous work. The 6 designers worked in parallel. The ones whose work we liked best we gave more pages to. The amount we paid was low for San Francisco area, but most important was the speed. We could design the entire mammoth book in only 4 weeks. We hired proofers on Elance as well, and again we hired them in parallel. We took bids on a per-page basis, winnowed the best candidates down with a few test pages, and then got them going all at once, giving more pages to those who did the best work. We proofread the entire book in several days. We also used Elance to find graphic artists who could remove the backgrounds from product shots; one worker hailed from Turkey. Elance has a very intelligent and easy-to-use interface, which aids in protecting buyer and seller, managing bids, and keeping track of work submitted. I consider it one of the chief tools in self-publishing.

The other indispensable tool we used was Dropbox. This allows folks to work remotely on files anywhere in the world, while also backing them up to the cloud. The book was prepared in InDesign, the layout program from Adobe. It’s been around for more than a decade, and it keeps getting better, integrating nicely with Dropbox. We kept our InDesign files, plus thousands of pictures, and other large files in our respective Dropboxes, and never needed to move them the whole time. (We upgraded everyone’s account to the pro unlimited storage version.) This made working remotely and collaboratively and rapidly easy and smooth. I don’t believe we could have done a book this large and complex over the net without something like Dropbox.

We had to go to China to print this large and colorful book. We tendered bids from several Shenzhen-based printers but went with Paramount, based in Hong Kong. They were about $0.30 per book more expensive, but communication was greatly improved by their office in Canada. The standard way to send final “art work” to a printer these days is to send a PDF. Our PDF was so large, it could not be compiled into one file; we had to send three. The printers in China send back a “soft-proof” which is merely another PDF that has gone through their pagination, profiles, and printing check software. We did not get a “hard proof” — or paper print — of each page. This is a photographic print that mimics the effect of the printing press that will be used. To save money we opted to only get overnighted a hard proof of the cover and a couple of sample pages. They were just about right on, so we clicked the “Okay print this book” button.

In assembling this large and heavy paper book, I have much more respect for commercial publishers. It is tough to make this precarious publishing machine work. It is not easy to make money publishing paper books. It is very much like making art. In fact I think of this large beautiful book as a work of art — practical art. Ten years in the making.

If you want your own piece of practical art, pre-order here:

Cool Tools: A Catalog of Possibilities

-- KK  

Sample Excerpts:


Engel MX1 Android Stick PC

I have been using an old Windows laptop attached to my TV as a home media machine for several years now. My brother was asking how he could get something similar on a budget. It seemed to me that with the passage of time, there must be something more elegant out there than the rig I set up.

After looking around for quite a while, I stumbled on some fairly obscure Chinese products and an entire community of makers who have developed the aftermarket firmware to make these little computers run nearly flawlessly. For about $40 to your door (add about $15 if you want a camera and mic) these Android sticks you get at Engel.com fit the bill. They turn your HD TV into a well-performing Android computer, including Wi-Fi, HDMI, USB, Micro SD card interface, and Bluetooth v2. Add some memory (up to 32 GB on a micro SD chip or any USB thumb drive) and it’s a fine media player and web browser. It will run most Android apps.

It gets a little warm running 1080p vids, but I haven’t had any problems from that. Be sure to get the Finless ROM, a primo firmware that is just plain better than the firmware that comes from the factory. You can add it yourself but why? So far Engel’s product is the only one I have run into with the Finless ROM pre-installed.

There are several manufacturers of these machines and none of them are household names. To add to the confusion, there are counterfeits which are sold by some vendors. Tales of poor hardware and firmware abound, with broken Wi-Fi antennas, overheating and software conflicts being common themes. The proprietor at Engel.com, Gavin Engel, seems to have chosen his line carefully from the available models.

In the six weeks or so using it, I have added my favorite media player, office suite and the Firefox browser, but the included software will also work well. I had to ditch one added app that shut down Wi-Fi, but a quick uninstall of the offending program put everything right again.

For ease of use, add a USB hub, a wireless keyboard and mouse. If you are tight on money, download the app from Engel to your android cell phone that turns it into a perfectly serviceable keyboard and touch pad for this computer. I was using that app for a time before I got an aftermarket controller.

I notice that the Engel site has an “unbricking” service. The makers at the Freaktab bulletin board tend to push the edge of the envelope with their firmware experimentation, and there are numerous reports where they have run the little things right off the rails.I suspect this should not be a problem if you don’t go root with them. Some folks there have gone so far as to run Linux on the sticks.

These computers are tiny, they’re dirt cheap and they work. I just gave it to my brother for his birthday. I’m getting another one because these will run a 1080p video better than the rig I have, which pixilates like crazy at that resolution.

-- Thomas Meacham  

Visual CD

Visual CD is a freeware application that indexes the content of your optical media and other storage devices. You can search for any file you want to find out which disc it’s on, instead of randomly inserting CDs/DVDs in your drive to find out which one holds the file. I’ve been using it for about 6 years now, and I can’t count how much time it’s saved me. Out of all the free software I’ve looked at, this is the best one I could find.

I have a collection of computer files on 500 CDs and DVDs. They hold backups all my files. I have sub-collections of CDs/DVDs for each type of media I back up — applications, music, videos, personal photos and videos, and so on.

The problem is that if I want to retrieve a specific file, I usually don’t remember on which CD/DVD/media it is recorded. Instead of having to try different discs until I find it, I just search the index I made using Visual CD to find out which disc has the file I want.

Each time I record a CD/DVD, I index it using Visual CD. The index options include scanning and indexing files inside archive files (ZIP, ARJ, RAR, ACE, CAB, etc) and even metadata from music files. The index of each media is saved in a VSD file. Each index created (.VSD) can be placed in a hierarchical structure. I have a folder for my photos and videos collection, another one for software, another one for themed videos and so on.

Visual CD also can create reports of the media contents. You can export those reports to HTML or TXT files, and they can be generated for a single index or a collection of indices using a batch tool.

-- Alessandro Mattos  

Visual CD for Windows


Gumroad is an easy way to add a micro-payment function to your blog, website, Facebook page, or Twitter — anywhere you can post a link. It allows you to quickly offer digital products — photos, videos, music, apps, PDFs — for small (or large) prices. It is not a marketplace, rather it generates a link that you post so that you can “sell where you share.” When a friend, fan, or follower purchases something off of your page, they get an email with a link for the download from Gumroad’s server. You can set your price anywhere from 0 and up. Gumroad’s cut is 5% + 25 cents per transaction, no setup or monthly fees. That’s a good deal if you are selling things for a few dollars, and better than other digital storefronts. Something priced as low as 99 cents means you get $.69 and Gumroad gets $.30.

For the past year I’ve been using Gumroad to sell a PDF version of my True Films guide to documentary movies for $.99 and the system works great.

-- KK  

Yeti Microphone

A podcast with poor acoustics is exhausting to listen to. As a podcast listener, I’ve dropped several otherwise excellent podcasts because they sound like recordings made with two tin cans and a string.

As a podcast producer, I strive to produce shows with good sound quality. Many things affect sound quality: room acoustics, audio editing methods, Internet speed (when you have guests joining you over Skype, for instance), and recording equipment. The easiest variable to lock down is the microphone. After years of trying different sub-$100 USB microphones, I’ve finally found one that does almost everything I want: the Yeti, by Blue. This retro-looking desktop microphone has several features that make it vastly superior to the one I used to use — the slightly less expensive Snowball (also by Blue).

The best thing about the Yeti is the built-in headphone amp, which allows me to monitor my voice in real time. Now that I can hear what I sound like, my delivery style has changed from near-shouting to a more laid-back, Ira Glass way of speaking. (One listener tweeted that I sounded much calmer on my podcasts and wondered why.) The headphone monitor also has its own volume control.

The Yeti has a microphone gain knob, which makes it easy to quickly adjust the sensitivity without having to fiddle with the recording software’s sound preferences. The mute button is nice addition that I use when a guest is talking and airplanes are passing over my house or I need to clear my throat. The recording pattern knob has symbols to indicate stereo, omni, cardioid, and bi-directional modes (the Snowball’s three-way switch unhelpfully reads 1, 2, and 3!).

Two things prevent the the Yeti from being perfect: 1) Two of the controls are on the front of the mic and two are on the back, forcing me to crane my neck to adjust the gain or change the recording pattern. 2) Vibrations from my computer’s keyboard, fan, and hard drive pass through the foam rubber lining on the base of the microphone stand, causing a rumble sound. My workaround is to set the microphone on a rubber iPhone case, which does a great job of damping the noise. (I might end up cutting the iPhone case to fit the Yeti’s base and glue it on.)

-- Mark Frauenfelder  

Yeti USB Microphone

Available from Amazon

Manufactured by Blue Microphones


When your home library swells to 3,000 volumes (as ours has), finding a book can be a problem.  In fact it can be a problem with only a few hundred books.

We use Bookpedia, by bruji.com, to index our library.  Bookpedia runs on a Mac and keeps a database that’s easy to share across your machines, or export in various ways (e.g., put all of your library’s book covers on browsable web pages). A companion iPhone app, Pocketpedia, syncs with the database so you can keep your whole library catalog handy. There are two methods of input: you can scan a book’s ISBN barcode with the iPhone running Pocketpedia; or, you can search for the book (any bit of author/title/ISBN/description), and then resolve the right result. Both will get you the book’s cover image and catalog information.

To build the catalog, we scan a shelf at a time, and add a “Location” field to note which physical shelf it is (e.g., “Upstairs 1-4 is bookcase 1, shelf 4″). This is easier than it sounds. If your books are new, just scan the ISBN barcodes with the iPhone, zipping through as fast as you can wrangle the books. But most of my books are older. So, I use my iPhone (running iOS 6+) to take a panoramic photo of each shelf, swiping it slowly across so that all the book spines can be read. And then I can go through a shelf and add each book by looking up title/author bits.

Hey, wouldn’t it be great if you could capture your whole library the way Jeff Martin did with the Strahov Monastery, by shooting a gigapixel image and then using a bit of smart image analysis code to grok all the book spines, index the room, and be able to zoom into each book in the image, click on it, and read a digitized copy on the web?

Well, until that bit of imaging/AI/webwork is implemented, it’s easy enough to peck in the titles myself.  Bruji searches through a list of international databases (from Amazon to the Library of Congress and other z39.50 servers), and with a little extra help from Bing or Google image search you can usually find the best cover image and resolve the cataloging bits in a minute or two per book.

It doesn’t really matter how the books are organized, because I can query Bookpedia, go to that shelf, and find it fast enough.

Because we live in a loft, we built a whole wall system, about 18 feet high, in which the books are grouped by color (which does help me: I remember the color of most of my books pretty well), and we push the books to the back so that knickknacks can be piled in front. The whole shelving system is a grid, and Bruji tells me that Eric Valli’s stunning photo book, HIMALAYA, is on shelf 3-4 — meaning, column 3 from the left, row 4 from the bottom.  (And Michael Palin’s HIMALAYA is in the Office on 6-6).

Bookpedia has some shortcomings. All cataloging programs do. But it does work, and the integrated iOS and MacOS apps and web exporting make it handy to use on all our devices.



Produced by Bruji

Sample Excerpts:

Logitech Harmony Universal Remote Control


I have tried several ‘universal’ remotes over the years and the Harmony Remotes by Logitech are the best I have used. The basic idea of a universal remote is to free you from having to use a separate remote for every device you need to control. I can say that except for the occasional special need, like accessing a setup menu, I can use the Harmony remote to control my shelves of equipment while leaving their individual remotes stored in a coffee table drawer. This is no mean feat since I use two displays (projector and TV) several sources and also control my lights. The cost of all this convenience is a few minutes (maybe an hour or more initially) setting up the remote and then occasional tweaks when you change equipment or need another feature. Required accessories are a computer and Internet access.

The Harmony remotes improve on the typical universal remote in two ways: 1) The remote commands for all your equipment are stored in an online database 2) The controller is ‘activity-based’.

The online database is very extensive and seems to have most makes and models. Once you find your device in the database, almost all remote commands are available for loading into the Harmony remote. For those commands or devices that fall through the cracks, the remote has a learning function that can record any command you like so long as you have the original controller. Once you have all the commands you need, you then use the online software to setup activities, such as ‘Watch TV’, “Listen to Music”, “Watch a Movie”, and so on. You then assign the various commands to the predefined buttons on the remote or to one of the softkeys that are user-defined. For me, “Watch TV” is a simple activity that turns on the TV and converts the buttons and softkeys on the controller to mimic my TV remote. “Watch a Movie” has to turn on the projector, DVD player, and AV receiver. The softkeys allow me to dim the lights or control the projector aspect ratio. The predefined controller buttons allow complete control of the sound (via the AV receiver) and DVD transport. All this with the press of one button.


It will take some training for casual users to get used to this remote. For one thing, it may take up to 15 seconds for all the commands to be sent and the remote needs to remain pointed at the devices during this time. The other adjustment comes in getting used to activity-based commands. Most people just want to pick up the control and look for the ON button. It is daunting to hold a remote with over 40 buttons on it and locate the correct one. Once you get used to it, the correct buttons are easily found however.

One weakness of any remote control system is that the controller does not know what state the equipment is in. This is a problem since many remote commands are not absolute. For instance, for many devices, “power on” and “power off” are the same command. Also many devices that have input switching use a simple ‘go to next input’ command rather than “go to input 5″. The Harmony handles this in a fairly straightforward way. If any of the equipment gets out of sync with where the remote thinks it is, you simply press the Help button. This starts a question/answer process that continues until you respond that the problem is solved. Of course, it is up to you whether it is simpler to merely get off the couch and go press a button.

I will finish by listing one caveat. My experience is based on use of an older model that is no longer available. I have looked at the current models and I cannot see any big difference except that Logitech is apparently limiting the number of devices you can control with the simpler remotes. Read the features and capabilities carefully before choosing your model. Whether the remote will work well for you will depend on the number of devices you need to control, the number and type of predefined buttons you will need (such as channel, volume, menu control, etc.) and the number of activities you use. Also, although they offer a model with no LCD screen, I would not recommend getting this unless you have a very simple setup that only needs the predefined buttons. The LCD screen allows you to define softkeys. This not only allows you to define activity-dependent buttons, but label them so you know what they do – very helpful for the rest of the family that did not participate in programming the remote!

-- Stan Cossette  

[Note: Logitech frequently offers rebates, so make sure to double check before making your purchase, and make sure to check out Wirecutter's guide to universal remotes which keeps track of any updates in the market. --OH]

Logitech Harmony 700
No longer available

Note: Logitech has replaced the Harmony 700 with the Harmony Touch 915

Logitech Harmony Touch 915

Available from Amazon

Manufactured by Logitech